CIVIL CODE
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CIVIL CODE

English Version (Links to Legifrance)

 

                                              

 

 

 

 

PRELIMINARY  TITLE

OF THE PUBLICATION, OPERATION AND APPLICATION OF STATUTES IN GENERAL

(Art. 1 to 6)

 

 

BOOK ONE

OF PERSONS

 

 

TITLE ONE

OF CIVIL RIGHTS (7 to 16-12)

 

Chapter I - Of the Enjoyment of Civil Rights (7 to 15)

Chapter II - Of the Respect of the Human Body (16 to 16-9)

Chapter III - Of the Genetic Study of the Particulars of a Person and of the Identification of a Person owing to his Genetic Prints (16-10 to 16-12)

 

 

TITLE ONE bis

OF FRENCH NATIONALITY (17 to 33-2)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (17 to 17-12)

Chapter II - Of French Nationality by Birth (18 to 20-5)

 

            Section I - Of French Persons by Parentage (18 to 18-1)

 

            Section II - Of French Persons by Birth in France (19 to 19-4)

 

            Section III - Common Provisions (20 to 20-5)

 

Chapter III - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality (21 to 22-3)

 

            Section I -  Of the Modes of Acquiring French Nationality (21 to 21-27)

                        1 - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality by Reason of Parentage (21)

                        2 - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality by Reason of Marriage (21-1 to 21-6)

3 - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality by Reason of Birth and Residence in France: (21-7 to 21-11)

                        4 - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality by Reason of a Declaration of Nationality (21-12 to

                        21-14)

5 - Of the Acquisition of French Nationality by a Decision of the Government (21-14-1 to 21-25-1)

6 - Provisions Common to some Modes of Acquiring French Nationality (21-26 to 21-27)

 

            Section II - Of the Effects of Acquiring French Nationality (22 to 22-3)

 

Chapter IV - Of Loss and Forfeiture of, and of Reinstatement in French Nationality (23 to 25-1)

 

            Section I - Of Loss of French Nationality (23 to 23-9)

            Section II - Of Reinstatement in French Nationality (24 to 24-3)

            Section III - Of Forfeiture of French Nationality (25 to 25-1)

 

Chapter V - Of Acts related to Acquisition or Loss of French Nationality (26 to 28-1)

 

            Section I - Of Declarations of Nationality (26 to 26-5)

            Section II - Of Administrative Decisions (27 to 27-3)

            Section III - Of Mentions on the Registers of Civil Registry (28 and 28-1)

 

Chapter VI - Of Disputes in Matters of Nationality (29 to 31-3)

 

            Section I - Of the Jurisdiction of Judicial Courts and the Proceedings therein (29 to 29-5)

            Section II - Of the Proof of Nationality before Judicial Courts (30 to 34)

            Section III - Of Certificates of French Nationality (31 to 31-3)

 

Chapter VII - Of the Effects on French Nationality of Transfers of Sovereignty relating to Certain Territories (32 to 32-5)

 

Chapter VIII - Special Provisions regarding Overseas Territories (33 to 33-2)

 

 

TITLE II

OF RECORDS OF CIVIL STATUS (34 to 101)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (34 to 54)

Chapter II - Of Records of Birth (55 to 62)

 

            Section I - Of Declarations of Birth (55 to 59)

            Section II - Of Changes of First Names and Name (60 to 61-4)

            Section III - Of Record of Acknowledgement of an Illegitimate Child (62 to 62-1)

 

Chapter III - Of Records of Marriage (63 to 76)

Chapter IV - Of Records of Death (77 to 92)

Chapter V - Of Records of Civil Status concerning Soldiers and Mariners in some Special Circumstances (93 to 97)

Chapter VI - Of the Civil Status of Persons Born Abroad Who Acquire or Recover French Nationality (98 to 98-4)

Chapter VII - Of the Rectification of Records of Civil Status (99 to 101)

 

 

TITLE III

OF DOMICILE (102 to 111)

 

 

TITLE IV

OF ABSENTEES (112 to 143)

 

Chapter I - Of Presumption of Absence (112 to 121)

Chapter II - Of Declaration of Absence (122 to 143)

 

 

TITLE V

OF MARRIAGE (144 to 228)

 

Chapter I - Of the Qualifications and Conditions Required for Contracting a Marriage (144 to 164)

Chapter II - Of the Formalities Relating to the Celebration of Marriage (165 to 171)

Chapter III - Of Formal Objections to Marriage (172 to 179)

Chapter IV - Of Applications for the Annulment of a Marriage (180 to 202)

Chapter V - Of the Obligations Arising from Marriage (203 to 211)

Chapter VI - Of the Respective Rights and Duties of the Spouses (212 to 226)

Chapter VII - Of the Dissolution of Marriage (227)

Chapter VIII - Of Second Marriages (228)

 

 

TITLE  VI

OF DIVORCE (229 to 310)

 

Chapter I - Of Cases for Divorce (229 to 246)

 

            Section I - Of Divorce by Mutual Consent (230  to 236)

                        1 - Of Divorce on Joint Petition by the Spouses (230 to 232)

                        2 - Of Divorce Petitioned by one Spouse and Accepted by the Other (233 to 236)

            Section II - Of Divorce for Breakdown of Community Life (237 to 241)

            Section III - Of Divorce for Fault (242 to 246)

 

Chapter II - Of Divorce Proceedings (247 to 259-3)

 

            Section I - General Provisions (247 to 250)

            Section II - Of Conciliation (251 to 252-3)

            Section III - Of Interim Orders (253 to 258)

            Section IV - Of Evidence (259 to 259-3)

 

Chapter III - Of the Consequences of Divorce (260 to 295)

 

            Section I - Of the Date at which Divorce takes Effect (260 to 262-2)

            Section II - Of the Consequences of Divorce for the Spouses (263 to 285-1)

                        1 - General Provisions (263 to 264-1)

                        2 - Of the Consequences Peculiar to the Various Cases for Divorce (265 to 269)

                        3 - Of Compensatory Benefits (270 to 280-1)

                        4 - Of the Duty of Support after Divorce (282 to 285)

                        5 - Of Lodging (285-1)

            Section III - Of the Consequences of Divorce for the Children (286 to 295)

 

Chapter IV - Of Judicial Separation (296 to 309)

 

            Section I - Of Cases and Proceedings for Judicial Separation (296 to 298)

            Section II - Of the Consequences of Judicial Separation (299 to 304)

            Section III - Of the End of Judicial Separation (305 to 309)

 

Chapter V - Of the Conflict of Laws in Matters of Divorce and Judicial Separation (310)

 

 

TITLE VII

OF PARENT AND CHILD (I) (311 to 342-8)

 

Chapter I - Provisions Common to Legitimate and Illegitimate Children (311 to 311-22)

 

            Section I - Of Presumptions Relating to Parentage (311 to 311-3)

            Section II - Of Actions Relating to Parentage (311-4 to 311-13)

            Section III - Of the Conflict of Laws Relating to Parentage (311-14 to 311-18)

            Section IV - Of Medically Assisted Procreation (311-19 and 311-20)

            Section V - Of the Rules of Devolution of  Family Name (311-21 and 311-22)

 

Chapter II - Of Legitimate Children (312 to 333-6)

 

            Section I - Of the Presumption of Paternity (312 to 318-2)

            Section II - Of Proofs of Legitimacy (319 to 328)

            Section III - Of Legitimation  (329 to 333-6)

                        1 - Of Legitimation by Marriage (331 to 332-1)

                        2 - Of Legitimation on the Authority of the Court (333 to 333-6)

 

Chapter III - Of Illegitimate Children (334 to 342-8)

 

            Section I - Of the Effects of Illegitimacy and of the Modes of Establishing Illegitimate Kinship in General (334 to 334-10)

            Section II - Of the Acknowledgement of Illegitimate Children (335 to 339)

            Section III - Of Paternity or Maternity Suits (340 to 341-1)

            Section IV - Of the Action for Purpose of Subsidies (342 to 342-8)

 

 

TITLE VIII

OF ADOPTION (343 to 370-5)

 

Chapter I - Of Plenary Adoption (343 to 359)

 

            Section I - Of the Requisites for Plenary Adoption (343 to 350)

Section II - Of the Placing for Purpose of Plenary Adoption and of the Judgment of Plenary Adoption (351 to 354)

            Section III - Of the Effects of Plenary Adoption (355 to 359)

 

Chapter II - Of Ordinary Adoption (360 to 370-2)

 

            Section I - Of Requisites and Judgment (360 to 362)

            Section II - Of the Effects of Ordinary Adoption (363 to 370-2)

 

Chapter III - Of the Conflict of Laws relating to Adoption and of the Effects in France of Adoptions Ordered Abroad (370-3 to 370-5)

 

 

TITLE  IX

OF PARENT AND CHILD  (II : OF PARENTAL AUTHORITY) (371 to 387)

 

Chapter I - Of Parental Authority with regard to the Person of a Child (371 to 381)

 

            Section I : Of the Exercise of Parental Authority (372 to 374-2)

                        1 - General Principles (372 to 373-1)

                        2 - Of the Exercise of Parental Authority by Separated Parents (373-2 to 373-2-5)

                        3 - Of the Intervention of the Family Causes Judge (373-2-6 to 373-2-13)

                        4 - Of the Intervention of Third Persons (373-3 to 374-2)

            Section II - Of Educational Assistance (375 to 375-8)

            Section III - Of the Delegation of Parental Authority (376 to 377-3)

            Section IV - Of the Total or Partial Withdrawal of Parental Authority (378 to 381)

 

Chapter II - Of Parental Authority with regard to the Property of a Child (382 to 387)

 

 

TITLE X

OF MINORITY, OF GUARDIANSHIP AND OF EMANCIPATION (388 to 487)

 

Chapter I - Of Minority (388 to 388-2)

Chapter II - Of Guardianship (389 to 475)

 

            Section I - Of the Cases Where either Statutory Administration or Guardianship Takes Place (389 to 392)

            Section II - Of the Organization of a Guardianship (393 to 448)

                        1 - Of the Judge of Guardianships (393 to 396)

                        2 - Of Guardians (397 to 406)

                        3 - Of the Family Council (407 to 416)

                        4 - Of the Other Organs of Guardianship (417 to 426)

                        5 - Of the Duties of a Guardian (427 to 448)

            Section III - Of the Functioning of a Guardianship (449 to  468)

            Section IV - Of the Accounts of Guardianship and of Liabilities (469 to 475)

 

Chapter III - Of Emancipation (476 to 487)

 

 

TITLE XI

OF MAJORITY AND  OF ADULTS WHO ARE PROTECTED BY THE LAW (488 to 515)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (488 to 490-3)

Chapter II - Of Adults under Judicial Supervision (491 to 491-6)

Chapter III - Of Adults in Guardianship (492 to 507)

Chapter IV - Of Adults in Curatorship (508 to 514)

 

 

TITLE XII

OF CIVIL COVENANTS OF SOLIDARITY AND OF CONCUBINAGE (515-1 to 515-8)

 

Chapter I - Of Civil Covenants of Solidarity (515-1 to 515-7)

Chapter II - Of Concubinage (515-8 )

 

 

 

BOOK II

OF PROPERTY AND OF THE VARIOUS MODIFICATIONS OF OWNERSHIP (516 to 710)

 

 

TITLE ONE

OF THE VARIOUS KINDS OF PROPERTY (516 to 543)

 

Chapter I - Of Immovables (517 to 526)

Chapter II - Of Movables (527 to 536)

Chapter III - Of Property in its Relations with Those Who Own it (537 to 543)

 

 

TITLE  II

OF OWNERSHIP (544 to 577)

 

Chapter I - Of the Right of Accession to What is Produced by a Thing (547 to 550)

Chapter II - Of the Right of Accession to What Unites or Incorporates Itself with a Thing (551 to 577)

 

 

 

TITLE III

OF USUFRUCT, OF USE AND OF HABITATION (578 to 636)

 

Chapter I - Of Usufruct (578 to 624)

 

            Section I - Of the Rights of a Usufructuary (582 to 599)

            Section II - Of the Obligations of a Usufructuary (600 to 616)

            Section III - Of the Manner in which a Usufruct Comes to an End (617 to 624)

 

Chapter II - Of Use and of Habitation (625 to 636)

 

 

TITLE IV

OF SERVITUDES OR LAND SERVICES (637 to 710)

 

Chapter I - Of the Servitudes Originating from the Situation of the Premises (640 to 648)

Chapter II - Of the Servitudes Established by Statute (649 to 685-1)

 

            Section I - Of Party Wall and Common Ditch (653 to 673)

            Section II - Of the Distance and Intermediate Works Required for Certain Constructions (674)

            Section III - Of the Views over the Property of One's Neighbour (675 to 680)

            Section IV - Of Eaves (681)

            Section V - Of Right of Way (682 to 685-1)

 

Chapter III - Of the Servitudes Established by the Act of Man (686 to 710)

 

            Section I - Of the Various Kinds of Servitudes Which May be Established over Property (686 to 689)

            Section II - How Servitudes are Established (690 to 696)

            Section III - Of the Rights of the Owner of a Tenement to Which a Servitude is Due (697 to 702)

            Section IV - How Servitudes are Extinguished (703 to 710)

 

 

BOOK III

OF THE VARIOUS WAYS HOW OWNERSHIP IS ACQUIRED (711 to 2283)

 

General Provisions (711 to 717)

 

 

TITLE  ONE

OF SUCCESSIONS (720 to 892)

 

Chapter I - Of the Opening of Successions, the Universal Title and the Vesting of Heirs in Possession (720 to 724-1)

Chapter II - Of the Qualifications Required for Inheriting - Of Proof of Heirship (725 to 730-5)

 

            Section I - Of the Qualifications Required for Inheriting (725 to 729-1)

            Section II - Of Proof of Heirship (730 to 730-5)

 

Chapter III - Of Heirs (731 to 767)

 

            Section I - Of the Rights of Relatives in the Absence of a Spouse Entitled to Inherit (733 to 755)

                        1 - Of Orders of Heirs (734 to 740)

                        2 - Of Degrees (741 to 745)

                        3 - Of Division by Branches, Paternal and Maternal (746 to 750)

                        4 - Of Representation (751 to 755)

            Section II - Of the Rights of a Spouse Entitled to Inherit (756 to 767)

                        1 - Of the Nature of the Rights, of their Amount and Exercise (756 to 758-5)

                        2 - Of the Conversion of a Usufruct (759 to 762)

                        3 - Of the Temporary Rights to Lodging and of Rights for Life to Lodging (763 to 766)

                        4 - Of the Right to Maintenance (767)

 

Chapter IV - Of the Rights of the State (768 to 772)

Chapter V - Of the Acceptance and Repudiation of Successions (774 to 814)

 

            Section I - Of Acceptance (774 to 783)

            Section II : Of the Renunciation of Successions (784 to 792)

            Section III - Of the Benefit of Inventory, of its Effects and of the Obligations of a Beneficiary Heir (793 to 810)

            Section IV - Of Vacant Successions (811 to 814)

 

Chapter VI - Of Partition and of Collations (815 to 892)

 

            Section I - Of Undivided Ownership and of Action for Partition (815 to 842)

            Section II - Of the Collations, Appropriation and Abatement of Gratuitous Transfers Made to Persons Entitled to Inherit (843 to 869)

            Section III - Of the Payment of Debts (870 to 882)

            Section IV - Of the Effects of Partition and of Warranty of Shares (883 to 886)

            Section V - Of Rescission in Matters of Partition (887 to 892)

 

 

TITLE II

OF GIFTS INTER  VIVOS AND OF WILLS (893 to 1100)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (893 to 900-8)

Chapter II - Of the Capacity to Dispose or to Receive by Inter Vivos Gift or by Will (901 to 912)

Chapter III - Of the Disposable Portion of Property and of Abatement (913 to 930)

 

            Section I - Of the Disposable Portion of  Property (913 to 919)

            Section II - Of the Abatement of Gifts and Legacies (920 to 930)

 

Chapter IV - Of Inter Vivos Gifts (931 to 966)

 

            Section I - Of the Form of Inter Vivos Gifts (931 to 952)

            Section II - Of Exceptions to the Rule of  Irrevocability of  Inter Vivos Gifts (953 to 966)

 

Chapter V - Of Testamentary Dispositions (967 to 1047)

 

            Section I - Of General Rules on the Form of Wills (967 to 980)

            Section II - Of Particular Rules on the Form of Certain Wills (981 to 1001)

            Section III - Of the Appointments of Heirs and of Legacies in General (1002)

            Section IV - Of Universal Legacies (1003 to 1009)

            Section V - Of Legacies by Universal Title (1010 to 1013)

            Section VI - Of Specific Legacies (1014 to 1024)

            Section VII - Of Testamentary Executors (1025 to 1034)

            Section VIII - Of the Revocation of Wills and of their Lapse (1035 to 1047)

 

Chapter VI - Of Dispositions Allowed in Favour of Grandchildren of a Donor or Testator or of Childrenof his Brothers and Sisters (1048 to 1074)

Chapter VII - Of Partitions Made by Ascendants (1075 to 1080)

 

            Section I - Of Partitions Made by Gifts (1076 to 1078-3)

            Section II - Of Partitions Made by Wills (1079 and 1080)

 

Chapter VIII - Of Gifts Made by Ante-nuptial Agreement to Spouses and to Children to be Born of the Marriage (1081 to 1090)

 

Chapter IX - Of Dispositions between Spouses, either by Ante-nuptial Agreement or during Marriage (1091 to 1100)

 

 

TITLE  III

OF CONTRACTS AND OF CONVENTIONAL OBLIGATIONS IN GENERAL (1101 to 1369)

 

Chapter I - Preliminary Provisions (1101 to 1107)

Chapter II - Of the Essential Requisites for the Validity of Agreements (1108  to 1133)

 

            Section I - Of Consent (1109 to 1122)

            Section II - Of the Capacity of Contracting Parties (1123 to 1125-1)

            Section III - Of the Object and Subject Matter Of Contracts (1126 to 1130)

            Section IV - Of Cause (1131 to 1133)

 

Chapter III - Of the Effect of Obligations (1134 to 1167)

 

            Section I - General Provisions (1134 and 1135)

            Section II - Of the Obligation to Transfer (1136 to 1141)

            Section III - Of the Obligation to Do or not to Do (1142 to 1145)

            Section IV - Of Damages Resulting from the Non-Performance of an Obligation (1146 to 1155)

            Section V - Of the Interpretation of Agreements (1156 to 1164)

            Section VI -Of the Effect of Agreements with Respect to Third Parties (1165 to 1167)

 

Chapter IV - Of the Various Kinds of Obligations (1168 to 1233)

 

            Section I - Of Conditional Obligations (1168 to 1184)

                        1 - Of Condition in General and of its Various Kinds (1168 to 1180)

                        2 - Of Condition Precedent (1181 and 1182)

                        3 - Of Condition Subsequent (1183 and 1184)

            Section II - Of Obligations with a Term (1185 to 1188)

            Section III - Of Alternative Obligations (1189 to 1196)

            Section IV - Of Joint and Several Obligations (1197 to 1216)

                        1 - Of Joint and Several Creditors (1197 to 1199)

                        2 - Of Joint and Several Debtors (1200 to 1216)

            Section V - Of Divisible and Indivisible Obligations (1217 to 1225)

                        1 - Of the Effects of Divisible Obligations (1220 and 1221)

                        2 - Of the Effects of Indivisible Obligations (1222 to 1225)

            Section VI - Of Obligations with Penalty Clauses (1226 to 1233)

 

Chapter V - Of the Extinguishment of Obligations (1234 to 1314)

 

            Section I - Of Payment (1235 to 1271)

                        1 - Of Payment in General (1235 to 1248)

                        2 - Of Payment with Subrogation (1249 to 1252)

                        3 - Of Appropriation of Payments (1253 to 1256)

                        4 - Of Tenders of Payment and of Deposit (1257 to 1264)

            Section II - Of Novation (1271 to 1281)

            Section III - Of Remission of Debt (1282 to 1288)

            Section IV - Of Set-Off (1289 to 1299)

            Section V - Of Merger (1300 and 1301)

            Section VI - Of the Loss of a Thing Due (1302 and 1303)

            Section VII - Of the Action for Annulment or Rescission of Agreements (1304 to 1314)

 

Chapter VI - Of the Proof of Obligations and of Payment (1315 to 1369)

 

            Section I - Of Documentary Evidence (1316 to 1340)

                        1 - General Provisions (1316 to 1316-4)

                        2 - Of Authentic Instruments (1317 to 1321)

                        3 - Of Instruments under Private Signature (1322 to 1332)

                        4 - Of Tallies (1333)

                        5 - Of Copies of Instruments (1334 to 1336)

                        6 - Of Instruments of Recognition and of Confirmation (1337 to 1340)

            Section II - Of Oral Evidence (1341 to 1348)

            Section III - Of Presumptions (1349 to 1353)

                        1 - Of Presumptions Established by Statute (1350 to 1352)

                        2 Of Presumptions Which are not Established by Statute (1353)

            Section IV - Of Admissions of a Party (1354 to 1356)

            Section V  Of Oaths (1357 to 1369)

                        1 - Of Decisive Oaths (1358 to 1365)

                        2 - Of Oaths Tendered by a Judge of his Own Motion (1366 to 1369)

 

 

TITLE IV

OF UNDERTAKINGS FORMED WITHOUT AN AGREEMENT (1370 to 1386)

 

Chapter I - Of Quasi-Contracts (1371 to 1381)

Chapter II - Of Intentional and Unintentional Wrongs [Of Torts] (1382 to 1386)

 

 

TITLE IV bis

OF LIABILITY FOR DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS (1386-1 to 1386-18)

 

 

TITLE V

OF ANTE-NUPTIAL AGREEMENTS AND OF MATRIMONIAL REGIMES (1387  to1581)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (1387 to 1399)

Chapter II - Of the Regime of Community of Property (1400 to 1535)

 

Part I - Of the Statutory Community of Property (1400 to 1496)

 

            Section I - Of What a Community is Composed as to Assets and Liabilities (1404 to 1420)

                        1 - Of the Assets of the Community (1401 to 1408)

                        2 - Of the Liabilities of the Community (1409 to 1420)

            Section II - Of Administration of the Community and of the Separate Property (1421 to 1440)

            Section III - Of the Dissolution of the Community (1441 to 1497)

                        1 - Of the Causes for Dissolution and of Separation of Property (1441 to 1466)

                        2 - Of Liquidation and Partition of the Community (1467 to 1481)

                        3 - Of Obligation and of Contribution to Liabilities after Dissolution (1482 to 1496)

 

Part II - Of Conventional Community (1497 to 1526)

 

            Section I - Of the Community of Movables and Acquisitions (1498 to 1502)

            Section II - Of the Clause of Joint Administration (1505 to 1510)

            Section III - Of the Clause of Appropriation on Condition of Indemnity (1511 to 1514)

            Section IV - Of the Appropriation Clause (1515 to 1519)

            Section V - Of the Stipulation of Unequal Shares (1520 to 1525)

            Section VI - Of Universal Community (1526)

 

Provisions Common to the Two Parts of Chapter II (1527)

 

Chapter III - Of the Regime of Separate Property (1536 to 1568)

Chapter IV - Of the Regime of Separation in Acquisitions (1569 to 1581)

 

 

TITLE VI

OF SALES (1582 to 1701)

 

Chapter I - Of the Nature and Form of Sale (1582 to 1593)

Chapter II - Of Those Who May Buy and Sell (1594 to 1597)

Chapter III - Of Things Which May be Sold (1598 to 1601)

Chapter III-1 - Of the Sales of Buildings to be Erected (1601-1 to 1601-4)

Chapter IV - Of the Obligations of the Seller (1602 to 1649)

 

            Section I General Provisions

            Section II - Of Delivery : (1604 to 1624)

            Section III - Of Warranty (1625 to 1649)

                        1 - Of Warranty against Dispossession (1626 to 1640)

                        2 - Of Warranty against the Defects of the Thing Sold (1641 to 1649)

 

Chapter V - Of the Obligations of the Buyer (1650 to 1657)

Chapter VI - Of Avoidance and Rescission of Sales (1658 to 1685)

 

            Section I - Of Power of Redemption (1659 to 1673)

            Section II - Of Rescission of Sales because of Loss (1674 to 1685)

 

Chapter VII - Of Auction (1686 to 1688)

Chapter VIII - Of Assignment of Claims and Other Incorporeal Rights (1689 to 1701)

 

 

TITLE VII

OF EXCHANGES (1702 to 1707)

 

 

TITLE VIII

OF HIRING (1708 to 1831)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (1708 to 1712)

Chapter II - Of the Rental of Things (1713 to 1778)

 

            Section I - Of Rules Common to Leases of Houses and of Rural Property (1714 to 1751)

            Section II - Of Special Rules for Leases of Houses (1752 to 1762)

            Section III - Of Special Rules for Agricultural Leases (1763 to 1778)

 

Chapter III - Of the Hiring of Industry and Services (1779 to 1799-1)

 

            Section I - Of the Hiring of Servants and Workers (1780 and 1781)

            Section II - Of Carriers by Land and Water (1782 to 1786)

            Section III - Of Estimates and of Works (1787 to 1799-1)

 

Chapter IV - Of Leases of Livestock : 1800 to 1831

 

            Section I - General Provisions (1800 to 1803)

            Section II - Of Ordinary Leases of Livestock (1804 to 1817)

            Section III - Of Leases of Livestock by Halves (1818 to 1820)

            Section IV - Of Leases of Livestock Granted by an Owner to his Farmer or Sharecropper (1821 to 1830)

                        1 - Of Livestock Leased to a Farmer (1821 to 1826)

                        2 - Of Livestock Leased to a Sharecropper (1827 to 1830)

            Section V -  Of the Contract Improperly Named Lease of Livestock (1831)

 

 

TITLE VIII bis

OF THE CONTRACT OF REAL ESTATE PROMOTION (1831-1 to 1831-5)

 

 

TITLE IX

OF FIRMS AND COMPANIES (1832 to 1873)

           

Chapter I - General Provisions (1832 to 1844-17)

Chapter II - Of Partnership for Non-Commercial Purposes (1845 to 1870-1)

 

            Section I - General Provisions (1845 and 1845-1)

            Section II - Of Management (1846 to 1851)

            Section III - Of Collective Resolutions (1852 to 1854)

            Section IV - Of Notice to Partners (1855 and 1856)

            Section V - Of the Liability of Partners with regard to Third Parties (1857 to 1860)

            Section VI - Of the Transfer of Shares of the Capital (1861 to 1868)

            Section VII - Of the Withdrawal or Death of a Partner (1869 to 1870-1)

 

Chapter III Of Undisclosed Partnership (1871 to 1873)

 

 

TITLE IX bis

OF AGREEMENTS RELATING TO THE EXERCISE OF UNDIVIDED RIGHTS (1873-1 to 1873-18)

 

Chapter I - Of Agreements relating to the Exercise of Undivided Rights in the Absence of a Usufructuary (1873-2 to 1873-15)

Chapter II - Of Agreements relating to the Exercise of Undivided Rights in the Presence of a Usufructuary (1873-16 to 1873-18)

 

 

TITLE X

OF LOANS (1874 to 1914)

 

Chapter I - Of Loans for Use or Commodates (1875 to 1891)

 

            Section I - Of the Nature of a Loan for Use (1875 to 1879)

            Section II - Of the Undertakings of the Borrower (1880 to 1887)

            Section III - Of the Undertakings of One Who Lends for Use (1888 to 1891)

 

Chapter II - Of Loans for Consumption or Simple Loans (1892 to 1904)

 

            Section I - Of the Nature of the Loan for Consumption (1892 to 1897)

            Section II - Of the Obligations of the Lender (1898 to 1901)

            Section III - Of the Undertakings of the Borrower (1902 to 1904)

 

Chapter III - Of Loans at Interest (1905 to 1914)

 

 

TITLE XI

OF DEPOSITS AND OF SEQUESTRATIONS (1915 to 1963)

 

Chapter I - Of Deposit in General and of its Different Kinds (1915 and 1916)

Chapter II - Of Actual Deposits (1917 to 1954)

 

            Section I - Of the Nature and Essence of the Contract of Deposit (1917 to 1920)

            Section II - Of Voluntary Deposits (1921 to 1926)

            Section III - Of the Obligations of a Depositary (1927 to 1946)

            Section IV - Of the Obligations of the Person by Whom a Deposit was Made (1947 and 1948)

            Section V - Of Necessary Deposits (1949 to 1954)

 

Chapter III - Of Sequestrations (1955 to 1963)

 

            Section I - Of the Various Kinds of Sequestration (1955)

            Section II - Of Conventional Sequestration (1956 to 1960)

            Section III - Of Judicial Sequestration or Deposit (1961 to 1963)

 

 

TITLE XII

OF ALEATORY CONTRACTS (1964 to 1983)

 

Chapter I - Of Gaming and Betting (1965 to 1967)

Chapter II - Of Contract for Life Annuity (1968 to 1983)

 

            Section I - Of the Requisites for the Validity of the Contract (1968 to 1976)

            Section II - Of the Effects of the Contract between the Contracting Parties (1977 to 1983)

 

 

TITLE XIII

OF AGENCY (1984 to 2010)

 

Chapter I - Of the Nature and Form of Agency (1984 to 1990)

Chapter II - Of the Obligations of the Agent (1991 to 1997)

Chapter III - Of the Obligations of the Principal (1998 to 2002)

Chapter IV - Of the Different Ways in Which an Agency Comes to an End (2003 to 2010)

 

 

TITLE XIV

OF SURETYSHIP (2011 to 2043)

 

Chapter I - Of the Nature and Extent of Suretyship (2011 to 2020)

Chapter II - Of the Effects of Suretyship (2021 to 2033)

 

            Section I - Of the Effects of Suretyship between the Creditor and the Surety (2021 to 2027)

            Section II - Of the Effects of Suretyship between the Debtor and the Surety (2028 to 2032)

            Section III - Of the Effects of Suretyship between Co-Sureties (2033)

 

Chapter III - Of the Extinguishment of Suretyship (2034 to 2039)

Chapter IV - Of Statutory and Judicial Sureties (2040 to 2043)

 

 

TITLE XV

OF COMPROMISES (2044 to 2058)

 

 

TITLE XVI

OF ARBITRATION AGREEMENTS (2059 to 2070)

 

 

TITLE XVII

OF PLEDGES (2071 to 2091)

 

Chapter I Of Pawns (2073 to 2084)

Chapter II - Of Pledges of Immovables (2085 to 2091)

 

 

TITLE XVIII

OF PRIOR CHARGES AND MORTGAGES (2092 to 2203-1)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (2092 to 2094)

Chapter II - Of Prior Charges (2095 to 2113)

 

            Section I - Of Prior Charges over Movables (2100 to 2102)

                        1 - Of General Prior Charges over Movables (2101)

                        2 - Of Prior Charges over Particular Movables (2102)

            Section II - Of Special Prior Charges over Immovables (2103)

            Section III - Of General Prior Charges over Immovables (2104 and 2105)

            Section IV - How Prior Charges are Preserved (2106 to 2113)

 

Chapter III - Of Mortgages (2114 to 2145)

 

            Section I - Of Statutory Mortgages (2121 to 2122)

            Section II - Of Judicial Mortgages (2123)

            Section III - Of Conventional Mortgages (2124 to 2133)

            Section IV - Of the Rank of Mortgages with Respect to Each Other (2134)

            Section V - Of Particular Rules for the Statutory Mortgage of Spouses (2135 to 2142)

            Section VI - Of Particular Rules for the Statutory Mortgage of Persons in Guardianship (2143 to 2145)

 

Chapter IV - Of the Mode of Registration of Prior Charges and Mortgages (2146 to 2156)

Chapter V - Of the Cancellation and Reduction of Registrations (2157 to 2165)

 

            Section I - General Provisions (2157 to 2162)

            Section II - Particular Provisions relating to Mortgages of Spouses and of Persons in Guardianship (2163 to 2165)

 

Chapter VI - Of the Effect of prior Charges and Mortgages against Third Parties in Possession (2166 to 2179)

Chapter VII - Of the Extinguishment of Prior Charges and Mortgages (2180)

Chapter VIII - Of the Mode of Redeeming Property from Prior Charges and Mortgages (2181 to 2192)

Chapter IX - [repealed by implication] (2193 to 2195)

Chapter X - Of the Public Inspection of Registers and of the Liability of Registrars (2196 to 2203-1)

 

 

TITLE XIX

OF FORCED SALES AND OF RANKING AMONG CREDITORS (2204 to 2218)

 

Chapter I - Of Forced Sales (2204 to 2217)

Chapter II - Of the Ranking of Creditors and of the Division of the Proceeds between Them (2218)

 

 

TITLE XX

OF PRESCRIPTION AND OF POSSESSION (2219 to 2283)

 

Chapter I - General Provisions (2219 to 2227)

Chapter II - Of Possession (2228 to 2235)

Chapter III - Of the Causes Which Prevent Prescription (2236 to 2241)

Chapter IV - Of the Causes Which Interrupt or Suspend the Running of Prescription (2242 to 2259)

            Section I - Of the Causes Which Interrupt Prescription (2242 to 2250)

            Section II - Of the Causes Which Suspend the Running of Prescription (2251 to 2259)

 

Chapter V - Of the Time Required to Prescribe (2260 to 2281)

 

            Section I - General Provisions (2260 and 2261)

            Section II - Of Thirty-Year Prescription (2262 to 2264)

            Section III - Of Ten- and Twenty-Year Prescription (2265 to 2270-1)

            Section IV - Of Some Particular Prescriptions (2271 to 2281)

 

Chapter VI - Of the Mode of Protecting Possession (2282 and 2283)

 

 

 
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